New children’s book explores a world Africa has known of for millennia: the magical undersea realm of mermaids

3 mins read

Invoking African gods of the water, this diaspora author conjures up a sweet tale for the children in all of us.

Embedded in stories of the antiquities are long held beliefs of entities, and even people, who live in the sea. While underwater worlds are often woven into mainstream magical tales, ironically, the old cultures of African mermaids and mer-people are absent. With author, Ananda Free’s new work, she literally shifts the narrative.

In her first children’s book, “YeYe Sweetwaters & The Mean Mermaids,” she captures African mer-culture by opening up an underwater universe with a perfect mixture of empowerment, self-love and African cosmology.

“The divine mother flows through me in such a beautiful and holy way,” said Free. “The book was birthed from a place of wanting to see a representation of ourselves that really goes back to ancient Africa, ancient Yorubaland and touches on our own stories, myths, [and] legends.”

In “YeYe Sweetwaters & The Mean Mermaids, ” Free taps into a rich African tradition through a modern fable, filled with relatable characters. The 32-page illustration by Cheryl “Ras” Thuesday takes readers on an enchanting journey with the main character, YeYe SweetWaters, and Puff Puff, her fairy sidekick. In the story, both must navigate the currents of growing up in an undersea paradise fraught with mean mergirls. Dealing with teasing and shunning from other mermaids, YeYe SweetWaters and Puff Puff discover how to heal hurt through the power of self-love, compassion and friendship.

Nothing new under the sea

Top: Mami Wata statue from Togo, West Africa. Middle. A wood and metal statue of Mami Wata in Angola. Picture found in John Drewal’s article, “Mami Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and Its Diasporas.” Bottom: Candomblé devotees at a water ritual ceremony in honor to Yemanjá in Bahia, Brazil. Photo credit: Tiago celestino.

In several highly-celebrated African indigenous traditions, the celebration of merpeople, and specifically, mermaids have gone on for thousands of years. So much so, that the coffee shop Starbucks uses the Benin deity, Mami Wata for its emblem. They won’t tell you, but I just did. The two-tailed mermaid is a known symbol in West African cosmology as either Mami Wata, Yemoja or Olokun, all deep water or oceanic gods.

Other groups, such as the Yoruba who largely live in present-day Nigeria, Benin and Togo, pay homage to Yemoja, a goddess who lives in the sea and is connected to motherhood. As a result of the African travelers and the recent slave trade, the concept of Mami Wata and Yemoja traveled and is intact in countries like Brazil, Cuba and Haiti. What Free masterfully does is spin old knowledge with new, fresh wisdom that is accessible to kids and the adults who read them the story.

Representation matters

Off of the highly successful animation, Hair Love, a story about a Black father learning to comb his daughter’s big, curly crown, other Black authors who write children’s stories and creative fiction are finally being noticed. With that, Free’s book comes at a time where concern runs high for the lack of representation of brown or dark-skinned main characters

A study by Cooperative Children’s Book Center, showed that out of 3,700 books received in 2017, only 340 of the books had a prominent brown or dark-skinned character. Out of that, only 100 of the authors were Black or African-American. For Latinos, it was less with only 216 characters, and even lower for Native and First Nation peoples as 72 books featured a character. Asians do not fare any better with only 310 significant Asian/Pacific or Asian/Pacific American content/characters.

With “YeYe Sweetwaters,” Free addresses bullying, and moreso, becoming, well . . . Free. When suicides and shaming run high in the high-traffic of a digital society, a book helping children to be happy with the skin they are in, Black mermaids besting a school of haters fit perfectly as a bed-time story and opens the door to multiple classroom discussions around friendship, self-worth, and conflict resolution.

| Watch: Home of the Free: Sweetwyrdness founders tap into the eclectic and beautiful with lifestyle, media company |

Notes of freedom

A DC native, Free is the mother of three children and the principal designer for Sweetwyrdness, a home decor company, lifestyle and media she co-operates with her partner, Zaccai Free. In 2015, Free, penned, “How to Make a Love Cake,” a self-love story exploring the process of healing through. By using the creation of a cake, which is one of Free’s signature baking goods, she creatively adds each ingredient as a spiritual source to learn how to release and elevate.

Free’s partner in imagery is Thuesday, an illustrator who loves color and believes it has the power to ignite emotions and express the visual intensity of each narrative. Her electric and vibrant choice of various hues is seen in her work with clients including Penquin Random House, New York Times, Kaspersky, Lenny Letter, Covercent and Breathe Magazine.

You can snag a pre-order of “YeYe Sweetwaters & The Mean Mermaids,” by going to the Sweetwyrdness site.

Kaia Niambi Shivers covers news, diaspora and oversees the Ark Weekender.

[give_form id=”7786″]

Ark Republic is an independent media company that provides a platform for free-thinking folk to tell stories as complex and colorful as possible. We need your help to keep the wheels churning and the stories flowing. Please become a member or donate to an organization dedicated to giving you stories that keep you informed.

[give_form id=”7786″]


  1. This was a pretty decent article overall. It is always good to have someone (of us especially) write about us (Pan-Africans) and our cultures with accuracy and positive intent. There are a few corrective tweaks I would like to offer you and the readership, all meant supportively.
    Iyanla Vanzant is an initiate of the orisa Obatala, not Osun/Oshun. The Starbucks logo also looks like a symbolic representation for Olokun, orisa of the oceans and associated with immense wealth. Yemoja/Iyemoja (literally meaning “mother of the fishes” in the Yorùbá language) in Yorubaland is an orisa of the river , specifically the Ogún River, not of any ocean. Other orisa of rivers are Oshun, Oya, Erinle, Oba. In Santeria aka Lucumi, Yemoja is called Yemaya (Spanish language speakers’ influence), and she has been disassociated from rivers and realigned with the upper portion of oceans. Olokun has been delegated to the lower depths of oceans. Babalu/Obaluwaye/Obaluaye is not a Cuban origin orisa…he is a traditional Yoruba orisa appealed to in the realm of infectious diseases and also associated with attaining great wealth. Babalawo are not “high priests” in the regular European religiously/esoterically associated meaning of that label. They are the priests initiated to Orunmila, the orisa presiding over Ifa. Ifa is the orally transmitted corpus containing the divine words/advice of Olódùmáre, the Supreme Divine of the Yoruba culture. Babalawos explicate the divine words, advising from and interpreting that corpus. Every person who initiates to Orunmila (aka Ifa) is an Omo Awo, not a babalawo. It takes MANY years of study, practice, and mentorship to be certified as a babalawo in traditional Yoruba culture (aka isese). Lukumi differs from this as newly initiated priests of Orunmila are given the title of babalawo (father of secrets/mysteries) shortly after the ceremony of initiation is finished.
    Anyway, thanks for your article. I enjoyed it. I look forward to reading more of your articles!
    More grease to your elbow!
    Àsàbí Ifátósín Rich, Aborisa (orisa devotee) Aworo Òṣun/Òshun (initiated to òrìsà Òshun)🍯

    • The beauty of Ifa, Yoruba, etc and what is has become to be in the diaspora are beautiful ways it is interpreted. The wonderful thing is that stories open up to new depths. As a traveler to all the places you mentioned, it warms my heart to see your additions. In Ifa, there is a certainty that the Odu is viewed from different angles. Your tweaks are your perspective through study and lived experiences, and the oral tradition passed down. Ase. They add to the reclamation and uncovering. For me, I stand in the divine correction, Iwa Pele. If only we would be as resolute in correcting those who use these things to exploit, abuse, pervert and mislead, and most certainly are condescending in discussing the corpus and traditions that have been disrupted. We are all getting back to our respective alignment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Previous Story

Liquid Spirits: 20 Black women-owned wineries and spirits companies

Next Story

The Art of Color: How my Grammy 2020 series helped my digital illustration process grow

Latest from Arts & Culture